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Saturday, 14 July 2012

IELTS Essay Question in Kottayam(12th July, 2012).

Some scientists believe that by studying the behavior of three-year-old children we can understand whether they will grow up to be criminals.  To what extent is crime a product of human nature?  Is it possible to prevent children growing up to be criminals?



This essay question is worded a bit differently from the usual pattern.  Can a you suggest an introduction?


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Introduction:
Evidences have continuously proven that criminal behaviour is predominantly the product of unfavourable circumstances rather than the result of genetic characteristics.  If proper measures are adopted, a criminal’s behaviour can be reformed to a great extent.

Notes:
When you write an introduction, make sure that you address all parts of the question and use simple langue. The first part of the question is usually a statement that leads to the second part which actually is the question. Some students make the mistake of concentrating on the first part, ignoring the second part. This means that they lose the focus of the question. There are two questions here and both have to be addressed in the introduction and that is how you respond to the task.

Look at some of the vocabulary used:

continuously: the use of this word would give emphasis to to my point.  For example, some times we say: 'There is a growing(an increasing) tendency among young people to commit crimes.' Here growing is used with the same effect.

predominantly: other words that can be used are, mainly, mostly, in most instances.  This word is used to indicate that in majority of cases 'unfavourable circumstances' is the cause, but in some instances 'human nature' can also be the reason for crime.

Tuesday, 10 July 2012

Essay 42 (Lack of community in cities)






Essay Questions Academic June 2012 (Philippines)


With the increasing number of people in cities, most do not know their neighbours and the sense of community is lost. What is causing this? How can we turn it around?
Essay (not edited)

The life of people in the city, unlike in the countryside, is generally characterised by a lack of community feeling.  A number of reasons can be attributed to this tendency among city dwellers.  This situation can be addressed effectively if certain proactive steps are taken by the urban population.

One of the major reasons for the isolated lifestyle in cities is the busy schedule of people due to extended working hours and long commuting time.  To explain it further, many business firms in cities demand their employees to work beyond the usual hours and owing to heavy traffic congestion getting to and back from work is a time consuming affair.  Even at home people need to be engaged in their household chores, which leave them with hardly any time to interact even with their immediate neighbours.

Furthermore, the ethnic, cultural and linguistic diversity of people in cities, who come from different parts of a country or even other nations, does create serious hurdles for easy socialisation.  For instance, in a city like Bangalore in India, people from all parts of the country who speak different languages live in the same apartment building.  This makes it difficult for them to interact easily with each other.

An ideal way to deal with this problem is to encourage people to visit their neighbours on weekends and make friends with them.  For example, occasionally people who live next door can be invited for dinner or a special occasion, which can improve interaction with them.  Joining neighbourhood cultural forums and charity groups is another effective method to create a sense of community among city dwellers.  For example, families that live in apartments or housing colonies can form associations and meet occasionally to work for the welfare of the neighbourhood.  Finally, using a common language like English for communication is also very useful.  Such initiatives can definitely enhance a sense of unity and increase socialisation among people who live in cities.

To conclude, a lack of community feeling is prevalent in city life, but if people make a genuine effort to interact with each other, this problem can be solved to a great extent.
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Monday, 9 July 2012

Essay Questions AcademicJune 2012 (Philippines)


With the increasing number of people in cities, most do not know their neighbours and the sense of community is lost. What is causing this? How can we turn it around?


Can somebody suggest a good introduction for this essay?

Courtesy: ielts-blog.com
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International Phonemic Chart


International Phonemic Chart
vowels
Monophthongs
diphthongs

iː
deep
ɪ
lip
ʊ
good
uː
food
ɪə
here
ɪ
paint

led
ə
teacher
Зː
girl
ɔː
door
ʊə
tourist
ɔɪ
boy
əʊ
low

æ
pat
ʌ
cut
ɑː
far
ɒ
on
ə
pair
aɪ
pie
aʊ
cow

consonants
p
pea
b
bat
t
top

d
did
tʃ
church
dʒ
jungle
k
cat
g
get
f
flow
v
very
θ
think
ð
those
s
sing
z
zoo
ʃ
show
ʒ
vision
m
met
n
net
ŋ
gang
h
hot
l
live
r
road
w
will
j
you
Rights Reserved © George Andrews Moolekary


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Saturday, 7 July 2012

Essay 41 (Prisons/Education for Criminals)



In many countries prisons is considered the best way to decrease crime.  However, education is often argued to be more effective way.  Which opinion do you most agree with?




Imprisonment is generally/mostly/usually considered the best way/ideal method to reform/rectify the behavior of criminals and bring down illegal activities/crime in the society. Whereas/However/But, of late, many people are convinced/believe/are of the opinion that education is a better way to do it.  This essay attempts/tries to analyse this issue in detail.

On the one hand, as prisons can deprive a person’s freedom it would dissuade/deter people from committing a criminal offence/illegal activityFor example, if a criminal activity would deny a young man the freedom to pursue his favourite career or a happy life with his family, he is likely to resist the temptation of committing a crime.  Moreover, the experience of being confined to a limited space for a certain period of time can act as great deterrent against crime.  

Similarly, a great deal of social disgrace/stigma is attached to being detained in a jail.  To explain, not many people would risk losing their honour/respect before their friends, family and society through imprisonment.

Finally, long imprisonment/incarceration can keep compulsive criminals and serial offenders away from the society and indulging in crime.  To explain, psychopaths with criminal tendencies need to be separated from the mainstream of society as they cannot be reformed easily.  All the above points clearly indicate the need for prisons as an effective means to reduce crime in the society.

On the other hand, educating criminals about the implications of crime and supplementing to their educational and vocational deficiencies/inadequacies can definitely discourage them from committing further crimes to an extent.  However, such methods cannot work independently but only as an addition to prison sentence.

In short, imprisonment is the best way to decrease crime rate in the society and other methods including education have proved to less effective or can only work as addition to imprisonment.

What do you think about this essay?